II: INSTRUMENTS OF INNOVATION FINANCE
(BIC OF EPIRUS)
Work package 2:
In the framework of the study preparation concerning the incentive programs
offered to the region's SMEs, Mr. Tambakis Vassilios, Assistant Managing
Director, proceeded to the organization and materialization of adequate
number of meetings, during the first semester of 2001, in order to collect
all the necessary information.
The general planning
as well as the choice of the final number of meetings was based on the
first step demand and supply analysis of the region in regards with the
general characteristics of the local economic system.
The collected data
was mainly focused on the following topics:
of Local Economic System (presentation of all aspects which characterize
the local economic system).
- Competitive Advantages
(comparison of SMEs with big enterprises in specific areas).
- Strength and weak
points (presentation of weak and strength points of SMEs in a concentrated
table, so as to have a better understanding of the local market).
- System of Access
to Credit and Soft Financing (presentation of the most significant difficulties
that the SMEs have to face in their transaction with the financial sector
Analysis of the basic procedure that is followed by the banks in order
to give a line of credit).
- Government Support
(presentation of funding programs through which enterprises can be supported)
- Innovative Financial
Instruments (presentation of the most innovative financial instruments
which can be used by the local SMEs).
- Incubators System
(presentation not only the local but also the national incubator system).
The sources which
have been used in that field was mainly:
- The Region of
- The 4 Prefectures
- The Commerce Chambers
of the 4 Prefectures of Epirus.
- Some of the most
competitive banks in the region.
- The developmental
companies of the region.
- The Ministry of
- The Hellenic Organization
of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises and Handicrafts
The evaluation of
the collected data will be completed at the end of September 2001 in order
to proceed to the study preparation. The completion date of the study
is estimated at the end of October 2001.
IÉI: TRANSPORT AND MOBILITY
(UNIVERSITY OF IOANNINA)
Work package 3:
T. & M. Development
Questionnaire-based interviews have been carried out with 53 companies
and organizations of Epirus, 33 of which are located in the prefecture
of Ioannina, 18 in the prefecture of Epirus and 2 based in Athens (but
involved in business transactions with Epirus). According to the initial
goals of our investigation (which stipulated that goods transport was
to be investigated via market research and passenger transport through
bibliographic sources), 52 of these interviews pertain to goods transport
while one concerns passenger transport.
from the interviews include:
- Based on personnel
figures, company size is very small (therefore mergers should be encouraged);
even large companies in the sample employ fewer than 500 people (with
- There is a wide
diversity of products shipped into and out of Epirus
- As expected, most
goods are shipped by road or through Italy
destinations include mainly Athens, Thessaloniki and other locations
- The port of Igoumenitsa
is plagued by numerous problems only some of which pertain to infrastructure
- Companies expect
transportation costs to be lower by 30 to 50% even when they are not
in a position to assess the value of these costs
- The state should
persevere with projects aiming to improve infrastructure; (the Rio-Antirio
crossing and the Egnatia Highway are mentioned by most companies)
- There is some
(rather little) evidence that Ioannina receives half of the products
intended for Epirus; this may be better supported when all interviews
are carried out
- Rio-Antirio appears
to be a significant concern for most companies (when weather conditions
are adverse, trucks are forced to take the mainland route through Delphi
which is longer, has poor alignment and geometric characteristics and
therefore costs more; also, due to the longer time duration, drivers
have to stay in Athens overnight and this further increases transportation
cost); some companies request more frequent itineraries especially on
- Bad weather conditions
are also responsible for creating problems on the transportation routes
- Mobile telephony
has eliminated problems that resulted when a truck was stranded e.g.
in the Katara crossing; in a way, the widespread availability of relatively
inexpensive mobile telephones has perhaps rendered unnecessary the use
of some telematic applications
- Companies think
that inter-Epirus roads should be improved and widened
- Companies feel
that vehicle fleet of transportation agencies should be modernized
- European integration
has resolved most legal and institutional issues that complicated travel
prior to the formation of the European Union
- Regarding passenger
transport, competition should be introduced into the KTEL (local operators)
market as current fares reflect very wide profit margins
Work package 4:
1. TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION
Ioanna Apostoliadi, project manager of Epirus S.A. and Nikos Mantis President
of Epirus S.A. participated in the transnational meeting in Lecce, on
the 23-24 of April, where partners from Italy, Spain and Ireland met each
other. In this meeting each partner explained their project and they way
they will implement their tasks.
Mr. Motta and Mr. Pellegrino presented the opportunities of the tourist
development of Lecce.
To each partner were given guidelines in order to implement their tasks
for alternative tourism.
The University of
Lecce and Perugia as well as the Gal LEADER II transferred their know
how and their experience in the development of ecotourism to the partners.
The objectives for the project were set up. These are:
- Easy access to
alternative tourist destinations
- Widely season
- longer stay
Furthermore the methodology
to be followed is briefly:
The conclusions of
the meeting were discussed and the tasks to be done were planed.
The meeting closed with a visit to a zone of implementation of the project:
2. FEASIBILITY STUDY
The feasibility study is implemented by the executives of Epirus S.A.(Gerassimos
Papailias, Vassilios Kitsakis, Evagelia Geronda) and external consultants
(Christos Lambris Charitakis Papaioannou) specialized in ecotourism. The
feasibility study has been completed and is given to the National Tourism
Organization of Greece in case they have any additional remarks. Based
on this study the RESC has begin to operate.
The study consists information of:
- Description of
the anthropogenic and nature of the region of Epirus
- Definition of
ecotourism and how it contributes to the development of the Region
- Foundation of
the Regional Ecotourism Support Center
- Web Site of the
Ecotourism Support Center
3. OPERATION OF THE
The office where RESC will be lodged has been found and fully equipped.
The server operates in the center along with printer telephone device
The office is decorated with images of ecotourism areas and activities
of the Region of Epirus.
In addition a database was developed to support the library of the RESC
which is at the disposal of everyone who is interested.
The library has at its disposal books and studies concerning ecotourism.
4. WEB SITE
A dynamic database was designed and developed from the beginning in order
to promote the ecotourism in Epirus. This database has been designed in
order to meet the needs of, not only the travel agencies but also of the
travelers. It is an innovative database, which will support the web site.
The database is ready and now data, information and pictures are being
5. TOURIST PACKAGES.
The packages are under integration by a team of experts. Expected to be
delivered by October when the actions of promoting them will begin
6. SEMINARS - CONGRESS
The seminar and the congress will be held on 2002 with the completion
of the WEB SITE and the full operation of the Center.